The fundamental four

Written by Liam Resnekov

The first step to getting back to your feet is to understand what is keeping you on the ground. Liam Resnekov explains the four fundamental principles to follow here:

fundamental4

1. You need to disconnect from your assailant, but it is difficult because they usually have their chest pinning you along with their arms. In this example, we use the ‘boxing position’ to make some valuable micro-space between us. Learning how to bridge is also vital.

2. You must understand what we in Gracie jiu-jitsu call ‘standing in base’. The goal is to create a stable base to work off without exposing your back. The most important principle is to protect and free your bottom arm and leg, as these are the tools your opponent is pinning you with.

3. It’s more efficient to have both your feet and your arms fighting the opponent’s weight so that you can make space to get to your feet. This is referred to as ‘going to guard’ in MMA and jiu-jitsu.

4. Choose the right time to return to your feet. It’s important to create enough space that you can stand in base without being injured or pushed back down. Sometimes you have to return to your guard in order to defend yourself or draw your weapon (in the case of law enforcement).

It’s useful to have a go, first, at being offensive. Then you can think of de-leveraging all of the principles that are used to pin you; in other words, do the opposite of what your opponent wants.

Read more training tips here.